On its release the film was critically very well received and it did well at the box-office although it received no Academy Award nominations. It is today considered a classic, one of the great noir movies.
Like Fritz Lang's earlier movie, the 1952 Western 'Rancho Notorious', 'The Big Heat' is a tale of 'hate, murder, and revenge'. It begins with a famous shot - a close up of a .38 gun lying on a desk and about to be used by Tom Duncan, a corrupt policeman on the take, to commit suicide, and proceeds rapidly through jolting horrors that malform the characters. Homicide Detective Dave Bannion (Glenn Ford) turns from famiy man to obsessive when his wife (Jocelyn Brando) is brutally murdered.
Moll Debby (Gloria Grahame) is embittered when her thug boyfriend Vince (Lee Marvin) disfigures her with a faceful of hot coffee and takes up Bannion's quest. In a crucial development, the embittered hero still can't commit cold-blooded murder, and so a double has to step in to pull the last thread that allows justice to be done. The film's title refers to extreme police crack-down on criminal activities and the big heat that brings down crime boss Lagana (Alexander Scourby) is precipitated when Debby confronts and murders her 'sister under the mink,' the crooked cop's grasping widow.
Grounded more in political reality than most of Lang's noirs, thanks to the hard-hitting detail of William P. McGivern's novel and Sydney Boehm's script, 'The Big Heat' is one of a 1950's cycle of syndicate-runs-the-town crime exposés - others include 'The Phenix City Story' in 1955 and 'The Captive City' in 1952.
Lang's direction of the movie is still indebted to expressionism, with settings in which the individual personality traits of the main characters are highlighted: thus the frigid luxury of the Duncan house, bought with tainted money; the tasteless opulence of Lagana's mansion, with its hideous, and all too typical, portrait of the gangster's mother and teenage party; the penthouse moderne of Vince and Debby, where the police commissioner plays cards with killers; and the minimalist hotel room where Bannion ends up, his life pared down to one objective - the need for vengeance.
It is not a conventional happy ending; after the fall of the crime syndicate, the hero returns to his desk in the Homicide Department. The welcome of workmates-expressed, of course, by an offer of coffee, is curtailed, and the end title appears over Bannion putting on his hat and coat to go out and deal with 'a hit and run over on South Street.' But at least we know the villains have been apprehended and are going to face justice.
Main CastGlenn Ford ... Det. Sgt. Dave Bannion
Lee Marvin ... Vince Stone
Gloria Grahame ... Debby Marsh
Jeanette Nolan ... Bertha Duncan
Alexander Scourby ... Mike Lagana
Jocelyn Brando ... Katie Bannion
Adam Williams ... Larry, the car bomber
Kathryn Eames ... Bannion's sister-in-law
Chris Alcaide ... George Rose
Peter Whitney ... Tierney
Willis Bouchey ... Lt. Ted Wilks
Robert Burton ... Det. Gus Burke
Howard Wendell ... Police Commissioner Higgins
Michael Granger ... Hugo (police clerk)
Dorothy Green ... Lucy Chapman
Carolyn Jones ... Doris
Ric Roman ... Baldy
Dan Seymour ... Mr. Atkins
Edith Evanson ... Selma Parker
CreditsDirected by Fritz Lang
Produced by Robert Arthur
Written by William P. McGivern (serial), Sydney Boehm
Music by Henry Vars (uncredited)
Cinematography Charles Lang
Editing by Charles Nelson
Studio: Columbia Pictures
Release date: October 14, 1953 (US)
Running time: 89 minutes