Frank Lloyd (1888-1960)

Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd

Frank Lloyd was one of the founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the organization responsible for bestowing Academy Awards, and served as the group's president from 1934 to 1935. In this administrative role, he helped mainstream and legitimize motion pictures.

He also earned a capstone of peer recognition during the period of 1929 to 1935, when he earned three Oscar nominations for 'Weary River' in 1929, 'Drag', also 1929 and 'Mutiny on the Bounty' in 1935, and two Academy Award wins for 'The Divine Lady' in 1929 and 'Cavalcade' in 1933. His three 1929 nominations in the same year are unique in movie history. Sadly, because Lloyd was more of a professional craftsman than a film maker with an auteur stamp, his early influence on the medium has often been overlooked.

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Frank Lloyd was born on February 2, 1888 in Glasgow, Scotland. He started out as a stage actor, following in the footsteps of his father, a musical comedy actor, before emigrating to Canada in 1910 and to the United States in 1913.

He began his film career in the silent era, acting in, writing, and directing such shorts as 'The Law of His Kind' in 1914. He then started to make feature films with literary adaptations such as 'A Tale of Two Cities' in 1917, often writing his own scripts and producing or co-producing his films. His productivity continued unabated for the next 11 years with dozens of titles, including the Zane Grey western 'Riders of the Purple Sage' in 1918, and 'Oliver Twist' in 1922 with Lon Chaney as Fagin, which saw Lloyd's judicious editing adapt Charles Dickens's novel to the fast pace of the silver screen. Other notable Lloyd films of the 1920's include the Milton Sills swashbuckler 'The Sea Hawk' in 1924, and his Academy Award-winning historical drama 'The Divine Lady' in 1929.

The dawn of sound films swelled budgets to match the greater technical demands, and Lloyd adapted well to the studio system. His first sound movie with a synchronised musical soundtrack was 'Adoration' in 1928. Lloyd worked steadily throughout the rest of his career, and much of his popularity comes from his 1930's output with films such as 'Cavalcade' in 1933, 'Mutiny on the Bounty' two years later, and 'If I Were King' in 1938'.

He continued making distinctive movies in the 1940's with 'The Howards of Virginia' in 1940 and the much admired James Cagney vehicle 'Blood on the Sun' in 1945. He also produced several films in the early 1940's, most notably Alfred Hitchcock's 'Saboteur' in 1942. He was married to Alma Haller and had one child, Alma Katherine.

Frank Lloyd died on August 10, 1960 in Santa Monica, Los Angeles.

Frank Lloyd Filmography (as Director)

The Law of His Kind
The Mexican's Last Raid
A Prince of Bavaria
As the Wind Blows
The Vagabond
The Link That Binds
The Chorus Girl's Thanksgiving
Traffic in Babies
A Page from Life
To Redeem a Value
10,000 Dollars
Pawns of Fate
The Temptation of Edwin Shayne
Wolves of Society
His Last Serenade
Martin Lowe, Financier
An Arrangement with Fate
To Redeem an Oath
The Bay of Seven Isles
His Last Trick
The Pinch
His Captive
Life's Furrow
When the Spider Tore Loose
Nature's Triumph
The Prophet of the Hills
The Little Girl of the Attic
The Toll of Youth
Fate's Alibi
Their Golden Wedding
From the Shadows
Little Mr. Fixer
Eleven to One
Billie's Baby
According to Value
For His Superior's Honor
Paternal Love
The Source of Happiness
In the Grasp of the Law
A Double Deal in Pork
Dr. Mason's Temptation
The Gentleman from Indiana
The Reform Candidate
The Tongues of Men
The Call of the Cumberlands
Madame la Presidente
The Code of Marcia Gray
David Garrick
The Making of Maddalena
An International Marriage
The Stronger Love
The Intrigue
Sins of Her Parent
The World and the Woman
The Kingdom of Love
The Price of Silence
A Tale of Two Cities
American Methods
When a Man Sees Red
Les Misérables
The Heart of a Lion
The Blindness of Divorce
True Blue
Riders of the Purple Sage
His Extra Bit
The Rainbow Trail
William Farnum in a Liberty Loan Appeal
United States Fourth Liberty Loan Drive
For Freedom
The Man Hunter
Pitfalls of a Big City
The World and Its Woman
The Loves of Letty
The Woman in Room 13
The Silver Horde
Madame X
The Great Lover
A Tale of Two Worlds
Roads of Destiny
A Voice in the Dark
The Invisible Power
The Grim Comedian
The Man from Lost River
The Eternal Flame
The Sin Flood
Oliver Twist
The Voice from the Minaret
Within the Law
Ashes of Vengeance
Black Oxen
The Sea Hawk
The Silent Watcher