HGA

Randolph Scott (1898 - 1987)


Randolph Scott
Randolph Scott

Randolph Scott will always be remembered for his Western movies playing usually the tough, handsome, upright hero. In his 30 year career he made over 100 movies and well over half were Westerns, but earlier in his career he appeared in a variety of other genres, including crime thrillers, comedies, romantic dramas, adventure tales, and war films.

During his peak period of popularity during the early 1950's, Scott was consistently high in the box-office ratings. He ranked tenth in 1950, eighth in 1951, and again tenth in 1952 in the annual Top Ten Polls.

Biography

Randolph Scott was born George Randolph Crane, on 23 January 1898, in Orange County, Virginia. The second of six children, he came from a wealthy family and he was educated privately at Woodberry Forest School in Madison County, Virginia. He was a natural athlete and he excelled at sports, particularly football, baseball and swimming.

World War 1

Scott joined the United States Army in 1917, aged 19 and served in France as an artillery observer with the 2nd Trench Mortar Battalion, 19th Field Artillery Regiment. His army training made him an excellent horseman and proficient in the use of firearms, accomplishments which came in very useful during his film career. After the war he continued his education first at Georgia Tech, then, after a back injury prevented him from achieving his ambition to become a professional footballer, at the University of North Carolina where he graduated with a degree in textile engineering and manufacturing.

Early Hollywood Career

Scott's introduction to acting came at college and in 1928 he journeyed to Hollywood with an all-important letter of introduction from his father to millionaire film maker Howard Hughes. The letter worked and Scott was given a small part in a film called 'Sharp Shooters' in 1928. Over the next few years, Scott continued to get work as a bit player in several films, including 'Weary River' and 'The Virginian' in 1929, on which he was also used as Gary Cooper's dialogue coach.

With the advent of Talkies and on the advice of director Cecil B. DeMille, Scott gained essential basic acting experience by performing in stage plays with the Pasadena Playhouse. In 1932, after Paramount scouts saw him in a play entitled 'Under a Virginia Moon' he was offered a contract and he became a movie actor at last.

He began by playing some easy-going romantic leads and then he began his Western apprenticeship with starring roles in Paramount's extensive series of 'B' movies based on Zane Grey cowboy novels, including 'Wild Horse Mesa' in 1932, 'Heritage of the Desert', 'Man of the Forest', and 'Sunset Pass', all in 1933, 'Wagon Wheels', and 'The Last Roundup' both 1934, and 'Home on the Range' and 'Rocky Mountain Mystery' both in 1935.

By way of implausible contrast he then escaped into the world of Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers musicals with 'Roberta' in 1935 and 'Follow the Fleet' in 1936. He was also cast in two horror films: 'Murders in the Zoo' in 1933 with Lionel Atwill, and 'Supernatural' in the same year, with Carole Lombard.

By the mid 1930's Scott had thoroughly learned his trade and was fast becoming a well known star. He was offered better roles in 'A' films such as 'The Last of the Mohicans' in 1936, which was his first big hit as lead. In 1936 he also played opposite Mae West in 'Go West, Young Man' and his growing popularity was reinforced in 'High, Wide and Handsome' in 1937 with Irene Dunne, and in 'Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm' the following year, with Shirley Temple.

Scott's contract with Paramount ended in 1938 and he now had more control over his material. After playing opposite his close friend-and, some even suggested, lover - Cary Grant in the comedy 'My Favorite Wife' in 1940 and in several war movies: 'Coast Guard' in 1939, 'To the Shores of Tripoli' in 1942, and 'Bombardier', 'Corvette K-225' and 'Gung Ho!', all in 1943.

World War II

Shortly after the United States entered World War II, Scott attempted to obtain an officer's commission in the Marines, but because of a back injury years earlier, he was rejected.[9] However, he did his part for the war effort by touring in a comedy act with Joe DeRita (who later became a member of the Three Stooges) for the Victory Committee showcases, and he also raised food for the government on a ranch that he owned.

After a departure into swashbuckling with 'Captain Kidd' in 1945, and a comedy-mystery, 'Home, Sweet Homicide' the following year Scott then concentrated on what he did best, and focused almost exclusively on big-budget color Westerns, whilst riding his beautiful palomino horse, Stardust. The movies were made by his own company, Ranown Productions, and it was at this period of his career, from the late 1940's through the 1950's that he reached his greatest level of stardom and became the screen persona that is remembered today - tough, hard-bitten and tall in the saddle and projecting a stoicism that often hides an inner grief, completely different to the light romantic characters he had played early in his career.

Scott's output during this fertile period includes 'Abilene Town' in 1946, 'Trail Street' and 'Gunfighters', both in 1947, 'The Walking Hills' in 1949, 'The Nevadan' and 'Colt.45' in 1950, and 'Santa Fé' and 'Fort Worth' in 1951. In a later series of seven Westerns which he made with director Budd Boetticher, Scott completes his transition to the tough lone hero nursing a deep hurt and pitting his wits and courage against a villainous world. This series made Scott an important figure in the history of Hollywood movies and includes 'Seven Men from Now' in 1956, 'The Tall T' in 1957,'Ride Lonesome' in 1959, and 'Comanche Station' in 1960.

Scott made his final film appearance in 1962 playing an ageing lawman in 'Ride the High Country', directed by Sam Peckinpah and co-starring Joel McCrea. The film is a classic of the genre and proved a fitting finale to Scott's career as he retired after it, still at the peak of his popularity.

Personal

Scott enjoyed the million-dollar proceeds of both his fame and some clever investments. Religious in later life, he was a close friend of the Reverend Billy Graham.

He married twice. The first time, in 1936, was to heiress Marion Du Pont but it was not a success and they divorced three years later. After romances with several leading actresses of the day including Sally Blane, Claire Trevor, and Dorothy Lamour, Scott married in 1944 actress, Patricia Stillman. They adopted two children, Christopher and Sandra, and the marriage lasted for 43 years, ending with Scott's death.

Randolph Scott died of heart failure on March 2, 1987, in Beverly Hills. He was 89. He was interred at Elmwood Cemetery in Charlotte, North Carolina.


Randolph Scott Academy Awards

No Nominations:

Randolph Scott Filmography

1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
Three Naval Rascals (uncredited)
1929
Weary River
Why Be Good?(uncredited)
The Far Call
King of the Khyber Rifles (uncredited)
Sailor's Holiday (uncredited)
Illusion(uncredited)
Half Marriage(uncredited)
The Virginian(uncredited)
Dynamite (unconfirmed, uncredited)
1930
Born Reckless
1931
Women Men Marry
1932
Sky Bride
A Successful Calamity
Heritage of the Desert
Hot Saturday
Wild Horse Mesa
1933
Hello, Everybody!
The Thundering Herd
Murders in the Zoo
Supernatural
Sunset Pass
Cocktail Hour
Man of the Forest
To the Last Man
Broken Dreams
1934
The Last Round-Up
Wagon Wheels
1935
Home on the Range
Rocky Mountain Mystery
Roberta
So Red the Rose
Village Tale
She
Pirate Party on Catalina Isle (Short) (uncredited)
1936
Follow the Fleet
And Sudden Death
The Last of the Mohicans
Go West Young Man
1937
High, Wide and Handsome
1938
Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm
The Texans
The Road to Reno
1939
Jesse James
Susannah of the Mounties
Frontier Marshal
Coast Guard
20,000 Men a Year
1940
Virginia City
My Favourite Wife
When the Daltons Rode
1941
Western Union
Belle Starr
Paris Calling
1942
To the Shores of Tripoli
The Spoilers
Pittsburgh
1943
Bombardier
The Desperadoes
The Nelson Touch
'Gung Ho!': The Story of Carlson's Makin Island Raiders
1944
Follow the Boys
Belle of the Yukon
1945
China Sky
Captain Kidd
1946
Abilene Town
Badman's Territory
Home, Sweet Homicide
1947
Trail Street
The Assassin
Christmas Eve
1948
Silver City
Coroner Creek
Return of the Bad Men
1949
The Walking Hills
Canadian Pacific
The Great Manhunt
Fighting Man of the Plains