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Adolphe Menjou (1891-1963)


Adolphe Menjou
Adolphe Menjou


Adolphe Menjou was an American actor whose career began in the silent era and who appeared in both starring and 'supporting roles in numerous highly successful films such as 'The Sheik' in 1921, 'Stage Door' in 1937, 'State Of The Union" in 1948, and 'Paths Of Glory' in 1957.

He was famous for his sartorial elegance both on- and off-camera and for his regal bearing, often wearing a tuxedo. He was also voted America's "best dressed man" nine times.

Biography

He was born Adolphe Jean Menjou in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on February 18th, 1890. His father, a French immigrant, was a restaurateur and his mother was from Galway, Ireland.

He was raised as a Roman Catholic and was educated at Culver Military Academy in Indiana, and then at Cornell University where he graduated with a degree in engineering. After a short period trying to follow his father's wishes and working in the family restaurant business, he decided that a career in the food trade was not of interest and to try for a career in acting.

Early Acting Career

In 1912 he left home for New York and started a new life in the theater. He found some bit parts in the fledgling film industry and began playing supporting roles in many silent movies, such as 'The Acid Test' in 1914, 'Manhattan Madness' and 'The Kiss' in 1916 and 'The Valentine Girl' in 1917. During WWI he served in France in the American Ambulance Corps rising to the rank of captain. After the war he returned to the New York movie business working off camera as unit and productions manager. In 1920 as California began to overtake the East coast as the capital of American film production, Menjou moved west and returned to acting. He landed some starring roles in successful films such as 'The Faith Healer', 'Through the Back Door', 'The Three Musketeers' and 'The Sheik', all in 1921.

After his successes of 1921, Menjou signed a contract with Paramount, and in 1923 he played a sophisticated Frenchman, making a good job of upstaging Edna Purviance in Chaplin's 'A Woman of Paris: A Drama of Fate'. From then on his screen image was firmly set and seldom changed. During the rest of his long career, with his trademark waxy black mustache he appeared in more than 100 movies, as a sophisticated man-about-town. He was duly chosen as the classic suave matinée lead in movies such as 'Broadway After Dark' and 'Sinners in Silk' in 1924, 'The Ace of Cads' and 'A Social Celebrity' in 1926 and 'A Gentleman of Paris' in 1927.

Talkies 1930

After the stock market crash of 1930, Menjou's Paramount contract was terminated. His pleasing and strong speaking voice meant that he easily made the transition to sound. He joined the MGM studio at half his Paramount salary and his ability to speak French and Spanish fluently helped to keep him employed but from 1930 onwards he became mainly a supporting actor and was rarely offered a lead role.

After vying with Gary Cooper for the love of Marlene Dietrich in 'Morocco' in 1930 he received his sole Best Actor Oscar nomination for his performance in 'The Front Page' the following year.

The 1930s proved a fruitful time for Menjou and he had numerous good supporting roles in successful, high quality movies such as 'The Great Lover' in 1931, 'A Farewell to Arms' in 1932, 'Morning Glory' in 1933, 'Little Miss Marker' in 1934, 'Stage Door' and 'A Star is Born' in 1937 and 'Golden Boy' in 1939.

Career Slowdown

The 1940s were not so golden, however. After entertaining the troops overseas during WWII and making broadcasts in a variety of different languages, he was given the meaty role of Billy Flynn opposite Ginger Rogers in 'Roxie Hart' in 1942 and he appeared in successful movies such as 'The Hucksters' in 1947 and 'State of the Union' the following year.

His last leading role was in the thriller 'The Sniper' in 1952, in which he appeared without his moustache for the first time in nearly two decades. His movie appearances steadily decreased, but from 1953 he made numerous appearances on television, including regular appearances in the 'Target' series in 1958. Menjou's last film of note was the classic anti-war picture 'Paths of Glory' in 1957.

Personal

Menjou was an unapologetic hardcore right wing Republican and in 1947 he caused his career to dip when he testified before the U.S. Government's House Committee on Un-American Activities. He was fervently anti-Communist and he proved to be quite prepared to name names to the Committee. His reputation was undoubtedly harmed and his career never fully recovered.

Menjou was married three times. His first marriage to Katherine Conn in 1920 ended in divorce. His second marriage in 1928 to actress Kathryn Carver also ended in divorce 6 years later. His third and final marriage was to Verree Teasdale, also an actress, lasted from 1934 until his death in 1963, and the couple adopted a son.

Adolphe Menjou died from hepatitis at his home in Beverley Hills on October 29th, 1963.


Adolphe Menjou Filmography

1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
The Acid Test (Short)
The Man Behind the Door (uncredited)
1915
1916
A Parisian Romance
Nearly a King
The Price of Happiness
The Habit of Happiness
The Crucial Test
The Devil at His Elbow
The Reward of Patience
Manhattan Madness
The Scarlet Runner
The Kiss
The Blue Envelope Mystery
1917
The Valentine Girl
Wild and Woolly (unconfirmed, uncredited)
The Amazons (uncredited)
An Even Break (uncredited)
The Moth
1918
1919
1920
What Happened to Rosa
1921
The Faith Healer
Through the Back Door
Courage
The Three Musketeers
Queenie
The Sheik
1922
Arabian Love
Is Matrimony a Failure?
Head Over Heels
The Fast Mail
The Eternal Flame
Pink Gods
Clarence
Singed Wings
1923
The World's Applause
Bella Donna
Rupert of Hentzau
A Woman of Paris: A Drama of Fate
The Spanish Dancer
1924
The Marriage Circle
Shadows of Paris
The Marriage Cheat
Broadway After Dark
For Sale
Broken Barriers
Sinners in Silk
One Parisian Night
The Fast Set
Forbidden Paradise
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1925
A Kiss in the Dark
The Swan
Are Parents People?
Lost: A Wife
The King on Main Street
1926
The Grand Duchess and the Waiter
Fascinating Youth
A Social Celebrity
The Ace of Cads
The Sorrows of Satan
1927
Blonde or Brunette
Evening Clothes
Service for Ladies
A Gentleman of Paris
Serenade
1928
A Night of Mystery
His Tiger Wife
His Private Life
1929
Marquis Preferred
Fashions in Love
1930
Mon gosse de père
Amor audaz
L'énigmatique Monsieur Parkes
Morocco
New Moon
Soyons gais
1931
The Easiest Way
Men Call It Love
The Front Page
The Great Lover
The Parisian
Friends and Lovers
Prestige
1932
Forbidden
Two White Arms
Bachelor's Affairs
Diamond Cut Diamond
The Night Club Lady
A Farewell to Arms
1933
The Circus Queen Murder
Morning Glory
The Worst Woman in Paris?
Convention City
1934
Easy to Love
Journal of a Crime
The Trumpet Calls
Little Miss Marker
The Great Flirtation
The Human Side
The Mighty Barnum
<
1935
Broadway Gondolier
Gold Diggers of 1935
1936
The Milky Way
Sing, Baby, Sing
Wives Never Know
One in a Million
1937
A Star Is Born
Café Metropole
One Hundred Men and a Girl
Stage Door
1938
The Goldwyn Follies
Letter of Introduction
Thanks for Everything
1939
King of the Turf
Golden Boy
The Housekeeper's Daughter
That's Right - You're Wrong